How to: Subscribe and Synchronize an Exchange 2010 Edge Server to an Exchange 2013 Server

How to: Subscribe and Synchronize an Exchange 2010 Edge Server to an Exchange 2013 Server

As you start migrating towards Exchange 2013 you’ll run across some scenarios like:

  • How to synchronize your existing Edge server with your new Exchange server 2013
  • How to synchronize a new Edge server with your Exchange server 2013

From what I’ve gathered on the Internet, about 30% of organizations use the Edge server while many others don’t. Moving forward it seems like Microsoft is tilting towards not continuing the Edge server product, but has allowed for the previous Edge servers (2007 and 2010) to still work on a 2013 environment. Below are the more likely commands you will need in order to subscribe your Edge server to your Active Directory site:

UPDATE: With the Exchange Server 2013 SP1 release, Microsoft has made the Exchange Edge Server available once again. Because it lowers the surface area of attack against a mail server it seems that a lot of organizations have requested for this feature to return and Microsoft listened.

This example creates the Edge Subscription file. It should be run on your Edge Transport server.

New-EdgeSubscription –FileName “c:\EdgeServerSubscription.xml”

This example imports the Edge Subscription file generated in EXAMPLE 1 to the Active Directory site Default-First-Site-Name. Importing the Edge Subscription file completes the Edge Subscription process. You must run this command on the Mailbox server.

The first command reads the data from the Edge Subscription file and stores it in a temporary variable as a byte-encoded data object. The second command completes the Edge subscription process.

[byte[]]$Temp = Get-Content -Path “C:\Root\EdgeSub_ATMG2010_TMG2010.xml” -ReadCount 0 -Encoding Byte

New-EdgeSubscription -FileData $Temp -Site “Default-First-Site-Name”

This example also imports the Edge Subscription file generated in EXAMPLE 1 to the Active Directory site Default-First-Site-Name; however, the end result is accomplished in a single line of code. You must run this command on the Mailbox server.

New-EdgeSubscription -FileData ([byte[]]$(Get-Content -Path “C:\EdgeServerSubscription.xml” -ReadCount 0 -Encoding Byte)) -Site “Default-First-Site-Name”

One important thing to keep in mind is that in previous versions for some reason the Default First Site was named “Default-First-Site” instead of “Default-First-Site-Name” so if you get an error on the site name try that one or use the get command to pull it.

Also, here are a few more shell commands that will help you with your Edge Synchronization:

How to: Force an Edgesync synchronization

This example starts EdgeSync synchronization with the following options:

  • The synchronization is initiated from the Hub Transport server Hub01.
  • All Edge Transport servers are synchronized.
  • Only the changes since the last replication are synchronized.

Start-EdgeSynchronization -Server Hub01

This example starts EdgeSync synchronization with the following options:

  • The synchronization is initiated from the Hub Transport server Hub01.
  • Only the Edge Transport server Edge03 is synchronized.
  • All recipient and configuration data are fully synchronized.

Start-EdgeSynchronization -Server Hub01 -TargetServer Edge03 -ForceFullSync

To remove an Edge Subscription, use the following syntax.

Remove-EdgeSubscription -Identity -DomainController

How to: Verify EdgeSync Results for a Recipient

Use the Test-EdgeSynchronization cmdlet to verify EdgeSync results for a single recipient. This cmdlet is also used to verify configuration replication. To verify a single recipient, you need to use the VerifyRecipient parameter.

The following command verifies EdgeSync results for the user [email protected]:

Test-EdgeSynchronization -VerifyRecipient [email protected]

 

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1 Response

  1. Khai says:

    If i have an one Exchange 2007 Edge server already, what are the steps to introduce a two new Exchange 2013 Edge servers and remove the Exchange 2007 one?

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